Friday, October 27, 2006


October 27, 1858

Theodore Roosevelt, the future 26th president of the United States, is born in
New York City. A dynamic and energetic politician, Theodore Roosevelt is
credited with creating the modern presidency.As a young Republican, he held a
number of political posts in New York in the 1880s and 1890s, and was a leader
of reform Republicans in the state. Appointed assistant secretary to the U.S.
Navy in 1897, he vehemently advocated war with Spain. When the Spanish-American
War began in 1898, he helped Col. Leonard Wood organize and lead the "Rough
Riders," a volunteer cavalry that became famous for its contribution to the
United States victory at the Battle of San Juan Hill in Cuba. The
publicity-minded Roosevelt rode his military fame to the New York governor's
seat in 1898 and to the U.S. vice presidency in 1900.In 1901, President William
McKinley was assassinated, and Roosevelt, at 43 years old, became the youngest
president ever to assume the office. He stamped the presidency with a vitality
that delighted most Americans and was elected to a second term in 1904. Abroad,
Roosevelt was an expansionist who asserted his executive powers to defend U.S.
interests. At home, he sought to balance the interests of farmers, workers, and
the business class. He insisted on a strong navy, encouraged the independence of
Panama and the construction of the Panama Canal, promoted the regulation of
trusts and monopolies, and set aside land for America's first national parks and
monuments. In 1906, he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his mediation of
the negotiations that ended the Russo-Japanese War.In 1912, three years after
finishing his second term, Roosevelt ran for president again as the candidate of
the new Progressive Party, which was made up reform-minded Republicans
dissatisfied with the Republican Party leadership. Challenging President,
President William Howard Taft, he campaigned on his "Square Deal" platform of
social reform. In November, the divided Republican Party was defeated by
Democrat Woodrow Wilson.In the last few years of his life, Roosevelt became a
vocal advocate of the U.S. entrance into World War I and even sought to win a
commission to lead a U.S. Army division in Europe. President Wilson declined,
and after the war Roosevelt opposed Senate ratification of Wilson's League of
Nations. On January 6, 1919, Roosevelt died at Sagamore Hill, his estate
overlooking New York's Long Island Sound. The tropical diseases he contracted
during his many travels had likely caught up with him. He was 60 years old.


1 comment:

Anonymous said...

Boy there is sure a bunch of sites. I just started doing some checking around for ideas on my new site and have been really overwhelmed with all of the variables. Color schemes, layout, etc. I might start a blog to and I like the layout of this one. Anyway, thanks for the ideas and if you feel like it you can look at my site too. chimney repair new york