attacks against Al Qaeda and other militants in Syria, Pakistan, and
elsewhere, according to senior American officials.
These military raids, typically carried out by Special Operations
forces, were authorized by a classified order that Defense Secretary
Donald H. Rumsfeld signed in the spring of 2004 with the approval of
President Bush, the officials said. The secret order gave the
military new authority to attack the Qaeda terrorist network anywhere
in the world, and a more sweeping mandate to conduct operations in
countries not at war with the United States.
spelled out in a classified document called "Al Qaeda Network Exord,"
or execute order, that streamlined the approval process for the
military to act outside officially declared war zones. Where in the
past the Pentagon needed to get approval for missions on a
case-by-case basis, which could take days when there were only hours
to act, the new order specified a way for Pentagon planners to get the
green light for a mission far more quickly, the official said,
Pakistan, Yemen, Saudi Arabia, and several other Persian Gulf states,
where Qaeda militants were believed to be operating or to have sought
sanctuary, a senior administration official said.
authorizing the C.I.A. to kill or capture Qaeda militants around the
under an expansive definition of self-defense that provides a legal
rationale for strikes on militant targets in sovereign nations without
those countries' consent.
In September 2001, Pres. Bush gave the green light to J. Cofer Black (the CIA officer in charge of the CIA's Counter-terror Center) to begin inserting special operations forces into Afghanistan. Before the core CIA team, JAWBREAKER, deployed on September 27, 2001, Black gave his men a direct order. "Gentlemen, I want to give you your marching orders, and I want to make them very clear. I have discussed this with the President, and he is in full agreement, " Black told covert CIA operative Gary Schroen (who must have been in this group of men). "I don't want bin Laden and his thugs captured, I want them dead... They must be killed..." Schoen said it was the first time in his thirty year career he had been ordered to assassinate an adversary rather than attempting a capture. (p. 268)
NOTE: A nice way to say MURDER and to violate the law of land warfare - taking no prisoners.
The covert operation Black organized immediately after 9/11 relied heavily on private mercenaries. answering directly to him, rather than active-duty military forces. Black's men recruited about sixty former DELTA Force, ex-SEALs, and other special forces soldiers /CIA operatives as independent mercenaries of the initial mission, making up the majority of the first Americans into Afghanistan. (p. 270, Blackwater, The Rise of the World's Most Powerful Mercenary Army.by Jeremy Scahill, 2007)
On November 21 2001, around 8,000 Taliban soldiers and Pashtun civilians surrendered at Konduz to the Northern Alliance commander, General Abdul Rashid Dostum. Many of them have never been seen again.
As Jamie Doran's film Afghan Massacre: Convoy of Death records, some hundreds, possibly thousands, of them were loaded into container lorries at Qala-i-Zeini, near the town of Mazar-i-Sharif, on November 26 and 27. The doors were sealed and the lorries were left to stand in the sun for several days. At length, they departed for Sheberghan prison, 80 miles away. The prisoners, many of whom were dying of thirst and asphyxiation, started banging on the sides of the trucks. Dostum's men stopped the convoy and machine-gunned the containers. When they arrived at Sheberghan, most of the captives were dead.
The US special forces running the prison watched the bodies being unloaded. They instructed Dostum's men to "get rid of them before satellite pictures can be taken". Doran interviewed a Northern Alliance soldier guarding the prison. "I was a witness when an American soldier broke one prisoner's neck. The Americans did whatever they wanted. We had no power to stop them." Another soldier alleged: "They took the prisoners outside and beat them up, and then returned them to the prison. But sometimes they were never returned, and they disappeared.
Many of the survivors were loaded back in the containers with the corpses, then driven to a place in the desert called Dasht-i-Leili. In the presence of up to 40 US special forces, the living and the dead were dumped into ditches. Anyone who moved was shot. The German newspaper Die Zeit investigated the claims and concluded that: "No one doubted that the Americans had taken part. Even at higher levels there are no doubts on this issue." The US group Physicians for Human Rights visited the places identified by Doran's witnesses and found they "all... contained human remains consistent with their designation as possible grave sites".
Source: George Monbiot
March 25, 2003