Tuesday, December 30, 2008

December 30:

1922 : USSR established

In post-revolutionary Russia, the Union of Soviet Socialist
Republics (USSR) is established, comprising a
confederation of Russia, Belorussia, Ukraine, and the
Transcaucasian Federation (divided in 1936 into the
Georgian, Azerbaijan, and Armenian republics). Also known
as the Soviet Union, the new communist state was the
successor to the Russian Empire and the first country in the
world to be based on Marxist socialism.

During the Russian Revolution of 1917 and subsequent
three-year Russian Civil War, the Bolshevik Party under
Vladimir Lenin dominated the soviet forces, a coalition of
workers' and soldiers' committees that called for the
establishment of a socialist state in the former Russian
Empire. In the USSR, all levels of government were
controlled by the Communist Party, and the party's politburo,
with its increasingly powerful general secretary, effectively
ruled the country. Soviet industry was owned and managed
by the state, and agricultural land was divided into state-run
collective farms.

In the decades after it was established, the Russian-
dominated Soviet Union grew into one of the world's most
powerful and influential states and eventually encompassed
15 republics--Russia, Ukraine, Georgia, Belorussia,
Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan,
Moldova, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Latvia, Lithuania, and
Estonia. In 1991, the Soviet Union was dissolved following
the collapse of its communist government.


General Interest
1922 : USSR established
1853 : Southern U.S. border established
1916 : Rasputin murdered
1965 : Marcos inaugurated

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