SAM ROBERTS, NY TIMES - The Census Bureau estimated yesterday that from
July 1, 2005, to July 1, 2006, the nation's minority population grew to
100.7 million from 98.3 million; that is about one in three of all
Americans. The new figures also suggest that many states are growing
more diverse as minorities disperse.
As a result of immigration and higher birthrates among many newcomers,
the number of Hispanics grew by 3.4 percent nationwide and Asians by 3.2
percent. Meanwhile, the black population rose by 1.3 percent, and that
of non-Hispanic whites by 0.3 percent. (The number of American Indians
and Alaska Natives increased by 1 percent, and Native Hawaiians and
Pacific Islanders by 1.7 percent.)
More than 20 percent of children in the United States either are
foreign-born or have a parent who was born abroad. Nearly half the
children under age 5 are Hispanic, black or Asian. . .
The biggest percentage increases in black residents were registered by
Maine, South Dakota, New Hampshire and Idaho, and in Asian residents by
Nevada, Arizona and New Hampshire.
In New York and Maryland, the departure of non-Hispanic whites has
accelerated since 2005. (California has lost nearly 100,000, more than
any other state). In the same period, New York and Michigan have
recorded a loss in black residents. (Louisiana, in the wake of Hurricane
Katrina, recorded losses across the board.)
As recently as 1980, he said, the share of minorities in each generation
varied by only five percentage points or less. According to the latest
figures, 80 percent of Americans over age 60 are non-Hispanic whites,
compared with only 60 percent among those in their 20s and 30s, and 58
percent among people younger than 20.
USA TODAY - Hispanics remain the largest minority group at 44.3 million
and accounted for almost half the nation's growth of 2.9 million from
July 1, 2005, to July 1, 2006. . . The non-Hispanic white school-age
population dropped 4% since 2000, while the number of Hispanic
school-age kids surged 21%. The white under-15 population declined in
all but nine states since 2000.
Census estimates also show:
- Non-Hispanic blacks grew 1.1% to 36.7 million from 2005 to 2006 but
declined in three states and the District of Columbia. Hurricane Katrina
decimated Louisiana's black population, which dropped by about 130,000
in one year.
- The white population has shrunk in 16 states this decade, including
California, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania and Massachusetts. The
declines stem chiefly from migration to other states.
- New England is becoming the new Florida as the median age climbs in
most states in the region. Maine has the nation's oldest median age
(41.1), up from third place in 2000. . . Vermont (40.4) moved up to
second place from fifth.
- Immigration accounts for more than 40% of the USA's growth since 2000